The Glacier Ice Impact Hypothesis proposes
that the Carolina Bays formed as the result of secondary impacts of glacier ice ejected by an
extraterrestrial impact on the Laurentide Ice Sheet approximately 12,800 BP.
The elliptical geometry of the Carolina Bays with width-to-length ratios of 0.58 ± 0.05 indicates
that they originated as conical cavities inclined at approximately 35 degrees and were subsequently
remodeled by geologic processes into shallow bays.
The impacts by the saturation bombardment of ice boulders with energies of 13 kilotons to 3 megatons
would have caused a mass extinction within a radius of 1500 km from the extraterrestrial impact site
and the liquid water ejected above the atmosphere would have transformed into a fog of ice crystals
in low Earth orbit that blocked the light of the sun, triggering a global cooling event.
This hypothesis was published in the Elsevier peer-reviewed journal Geomorphology.
A. Zamora, A model for the geomorphology of the Carolina Bays, Geomorphology (2017),
Experiments and ballistic equations are used to provide support for the hypothesis that the Carolina Bays could have originated from impacts of glacier ice ejected by an extraterrestrial impact on the Laurentide ice sheet during the Pleistocene.
The Carolina Bays were created by secondary impacts of glacier ice ejected by a meteorite impact on the Laurentide Ice Sheet about 12,800 years ago.
Zamora, A., A model for the geomorphology of the Carolina Bays, Geomorphology, Volume 282, 1 April 2017, Pages 209–216, DOI 10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.01.019
The perfect elliptical geometry of the Carolina Bays is a clue about the mechanism by which the bays were formed. A trail of evidence leads to the discovery of a catastrophe that caused a mass extinction during the ice age.
The Nebraska Rainwater Basins have the same geometrical characteristics as the Carolina Bays and probably were created by similar physical mechanisms. This video examines the geological characteristics of the Nebraska Rainwater Basins.
Graham Hancock explored the Carolina Bays as part of his research for his new book "America Before: The Evidence of Earth's Lost Civilization". Randall Carlson, George Howard, Michael Davias, and Santha Faiia came along in the expedition.