Prince Edward Island is one of three Maritime provinces in Canada. It is the smallest province of Canada in both land area and population, but it is the most densely populated with approximately 160,000 residents. The island produces 25% of Canada's potatoes, but other important industries include fisheries and tourism.
Prince Edward Island is located in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The larger urban area surrounds Charlottetown Harbor, which is situated centrally on the island's southern shore. Cruise ships dock at the harbor to allow passengers to explore the city or take tours of the island.
The city of Charlottetown is the capital of the Prince Edward Province. Ship passengers can walk a few blocks from the harbor to a depot for bus tours.
The most popular bus tours of Prince Edward Island include the Cavendish sea shore and the Green Gables Heritage Place both of which are about 40 kilometers from the Charlottetown harbor.
The bus route goes along many farms and some small towns. The importance of fishing and lobster trapping is evident from the fishing equipment stored in some houses.
The Cavendish seashore of Prince Edward Island became an excellent vacation spot thanks to L.M. Montgomery's novel Anne of Green Gables, published in 1908. She wrote:
"I think the Cavendish shore is the most beautiful in the world. This is not merely my fond and foolish fancy, I once heard a man who had been all over the world say he had never seen a more beautiful beach than that of Cavendish sandshore."
L.M. Montgomery's many fans wanted to see the landscape that inspired their beloved author. Her former neighbors started to offer accommodations and other services to the growing number of tourists. Today, tours of the Green Gables house are very popular.
The house is kept as it was in the early 20th century.
The kitchen equipment is very simple and hand-operated.
The water pitcher and the bowl on top of the cabinet indicate that the house did not have running water. This was typical of the period before electricity and plumbing became common.
While the front of the house of Green Gables was crowded, the rear of the house was empty.
the Green Gables Heritage Place has a backdrop where tourists can take souvenir pictures.
The exit of the Green Gables Heritage Place has a gift shop that sells local products and memorabilia.