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Conjugation of English Regular Verbs

Regular verbs in English are conjugated using the infinitive for all forms, except that the past and past participle end in "ed", the present participle ends in "ing", and the third person singular ends in "s".  Although these appear to be very simple rules, the morphology of regular English verbs is affected by phonetic and orthographic constraints that make it necessary to follow several slightly different patterns for adding the endings to the verb stem.   Here are some of the most common patterns.

Regular verbs 

Verbs ending in a long vowel or diphthong followed by a consonant, such as paint, claim, devour, or play.
Or ending in a consonant cluster such as delight, or clamp.
Add "ed" to the infinitive form to create the past and past participle, add "ing" to create the present participle, and add "s" to create the 3rd person present.

Conjugation for "play":
Infinitive play
Past played
Present Participle playing
Past Participle played
Present:
  I play
  You play
  He, She, It plays
  We play
  You play
  They play


Verbs ending in a short vowel followed by a consonant such as chat, chop, or compel.
Double the final consonant and add "ed" to the infinitive form to create the past and past participle, Double the final consonant and add "ing" to create the present participle, and add "s" to create the 3rd person present.

Conjugation for "chop":
Infinitive chop
Past chopped
Present Participle chopping
Past Participle chopped
Present:
  I chop
  You chop
  He, She, It chops
  We chop
  You chop
  They chop


Verbs ending in a consonant followed by "e" such as dance, save, devote, or evolve.
Add "d" to the infinitive form to create the past and past participle, replace the final "e" with "ing" to create the present participle, and add "s" to create the 3rd person present.

Conjugation for "devote":
Infinitive devote
Past devoted
Present Participle devoting
Past Participle devoted
Present:
  I devote
  You devote
  He, She, It devotes
  We devote
  You devote
  They devote


Verbs ending in sibilants such as kiss, bless, box, polish, or preach.
Add "ed" to the infinitive form to create the past and past participle, add "ing" to create the present participle, and add "es" to create the 3rd person present.

Conjugation for "polish":
Infinitive polish
Past polished
Present Participle polishing
Past Participle polished
Present:
  I polish
  You polish
  He, She, It polishes
  We polish
  You polish
  They polish


Verbs ending in a consonant followed by "y" such as comply, copy, or magnify.
Replace the final "y" of the infinitive with "ied" to create the past and past participle, add "ing" to create the present participle, and replace the final "y" with "ies" to create the 3rd person present.

Conjugation for "copy":
Infinitive copy
Past copied
Present Participle copying
Past Participle copied
Present:
  I copy
  You copy
  He, She, It copies
  We copy
  You copy
  They copy

Click here to conjugate any verb.


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- Irregular verbs
- Verb "to be"
- Verb conjugation