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Scientific Psychic passes 7-million visitor mark

Scientific Psychic Statistics

The domain ScientificPsychic.com has been active since February 15, 2001. The web site has continued its original goal of providing educational material and entertainment. Some of the most popular pages are the optical illusions, games, diet calculator, verb conjugation, and hygiene.

ScientificPsychic.com averages approximately 6000 visitors and over 16,000 page views per day. Most of the traffic originates from English-speaking countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and India, but there are visitors from many parts of the world where English is spoken such as Singapore and the Philippines. This is an example of the country of origin of the visitors.
Scientific Psychic Statistics

Some of the web pages have been translated to other languages and it is not unusual to have Google refer French queries to the French version of the verb conjugation page. The recent translation to Spanish of the diet calculator, and the pages about carbohydrates and hygiene already is attracting visitors from Latin America who search the web in Spanish.

Scientific Psychic® is registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office with registration number 3,088,970.

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2008-06-28 

Cataclysmic meteorite bombardment from Mars?

cataclysmic meteorite bombardment

The northern hemisphere of Mars has a giant basin, called the Borealis Basin, that covers about 40 percent of the surface of Mars. The basin is 8,500 km across and 10,600 km long, and it is larger than the combined area of Asia, Europe and Australia. The northern-hemisphere basin is one of the smoothest surfaces found in the solar system, whereas, the southern hemisphere is high, rough, heavily-cratered terrain that is 4 to 8 km higher in elevation than the basin floor.

The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter project from NASA has provided some interesting information about the topography and gravity of Mars that has shed some light on the mystery of why the two halves of Mars are so different. MIT scientists have used the data to deduce that the basin was formed by the impact of a colossal asteroid[1,2]. The scientists also created models to calculate the kind of impact that would have been required to create the basin.

It is estimated that the impact on Mars occurred around 3,900 million years ago. This is the time when the Earth and the Moon were subjected to a cataclysmic meteorite bombardment, also called the Late Heavy Bombardment. It is possible that the debris of the great cosmic collision in Mars was the cause of the devastation of the Earth and the Moon during their early development.
Learn about the history of the Earth

[1] Jeffrey C. Andrews-Hanna, Maria T. Zuber, W. Bruce Banerdt, The Borealis basin and the origin of the martian crustal dichotomy, Nature 453, 1212 - 1215 (26 Jun 2008), doi: 10.1038/nature07011, Letters to Editor

[2] David Chandler, Solar system's biggest impact scar discovered, MIT News Office
June 25, 2008

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2008-06-26 

One-day CRON diet menu

Mega Oatmeal Breakfast

Calorie Restriction with Optimum Nutrition (CRON) is a diet that not only can make you thin, but there is enough scientific evidence that it may also help you to live longer. The idea behind the CRON diet is to eat slightly less food than you normally would, while meeting 100% of all your nutritional requirements. A CRON diet requires the use of nutritional software such as CRON-o-Meter to make sure that the food provides complete nutrition.

Here is an example of a one-day menu published by Robert Cavanaugh, a member of the Calorie Restriction Society. He generally eats twice a day, but has a fruit snack during the day. The following menu totals 1809 calories with a Protein/Fat/Carbohydrate ratio of 18/27/55. All nutrients in this menu exceed the RDA except niacin which is 94% RDA. Fiber content is 40 grams.

Breakfast
Mega Oatmeal recipe:
Ingredients:
1/4 cup (21 g) oatmeal, quick
1/4 cup (20 g) oat bran
2 Tbsp (13 g) sunflower seeds, unsalted,dry roasted
1/3 cup (23 g) milk, dry nonfat
1/2 cup (75 g) blueberry, raw frozen
1 cup skim milk

Instructions:
1. Place first four ingredients in bowl
2. Add 1 cup skim milk, mix
3. Microwave on high 4 to 5 minutes
4. Add frozen blueberries and mix well
5. Add Splenda sweetner if desired

Lunch
One large peach or nectarine during workday

Dinner
Appetizer:

5 Oysters eastern, canned

Main Course:

5 oz. Turkey breast & gravy, frozen
Medium sweet potato
Cup Broccoli spears, frozen
2 large Whole wheat Pita bread brushed with 1 Tbsp Olive oil
8 oz. glass skim milk

1 fruit bowl
1/2 cup seedless grapes
1/2 cup strawberries, sliced
1 cup cantaloupe, cubed

Nuts
2 Brazil nuts
10 Filberts

Dessert:
1 slice Pumpkin Pudding

Pumpkin Pudding recipe:
Pumpkin Pudding is made from canned pumpkin. Follow the recipe for making the pie filling on the side of the can, but substitute egg whites for whole eggs and substitute Splenda for sugar. Bake it in a pie dish without any pie crust. Makes 8 pie slice servings at 70 calories per serving.

Learn more about Calorie Restriction

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2008-06-19 

The Beauty of Nature

Rainbow over Bethesda

We have had several rainy days in the Washington, D.C. area lately. Yesterday, after a brief thunderstorm, the sky cleared up and we were left with a beautiful, bright rainbow. I like rainbows and moonlit nights.

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2008-06-16 

Effect of Calorie Restriction on Body Size

Effect of Calorie Restriction on Body Sie

Calorie Restriction (CR) is recognized as a scientifically proven dietary intervention to prolong life span. Many people have looked at the graphs in the book by Walford- showing increases of 30% in the longevity of mice, and they have decided that they too would like to live to an age of 104 instead of just 80. They learn about Calorie Restriction with Optimum Nutrition (CRON) and they start starving themselves in a controlled way to get rid of the extra fat and keep their glucose levels down.

Unfortunately, many of the promoters of Calorie Restriction diets frequently do not emphasize the stunting effects of the lower calorie diets. Mice started on 40% CR at 9 weeks, when they are weaned, may increase their life span by about 30%, but the lower level of nutrients basically halts the growth of the mice so that at maturity they only reach half of the weight of the control mice[1]. The graphic above illustrates the corresponding relative weights of humans at different levels of caloric restriction assuming that the relationship of weight and CR is linear. If a control human weighed 150 pounds, the 40% CR human would weigh 75 pounds. Using human growth charts, we can estimate that the human control would be approximately 69 inches high, and the 40% CR human would be 57 inches tall.

The more aggressive human calorie restriction practitioners (CRONies) have found that the lower calorie diets decrease their bone structure, causing signs of osteoporosis. Unlike the mice which are started at a young age and can adjust their growth to the level of available nutrients, severe calorie restriction started in adulthood requires the body to decrease in size. Clearly, if the cell metabolism cannot adjust to the lower calorie levels, something in the body must shrink. Studies have shown that the basal metabolic rate can decrease by approximately 16% for metabolically active tissues. Higher degrees of calorie restriction started in adulthood have the potential of causing severe structural damage, and a longer life is not guaranteed.
Use the CR calculator

[1] Mattson, et al. "Intermittent fasting dissociates beneficial effects of dietary restriction on glucose metabolism and neuronal resistance to injury from calorie intake", Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2003 May 13; 100(10):6216-6220.

acute undernutritionArturo commented:
I feel compelled to make a comment on the graphic. Assuming that one started CR after having grown to one's full height, say at age 22, wouldn't the height remain the same? Therefore the growth that CR would stunt would be in the horizontal (X and Y) directions, rather than the vertical (Z) direction in Cartesian coordinates? This would mean that the figures, if they were of adults, would be the same height, but their width smaller?

Arturo is right. The illustrations above are of perfectly proportioned silhouettes which would be produced as a result of normal development.

The decrease of an adult body frame through undernourishment would first be evident in the reduction of muscle tissue because bones are more resistant to modification due to their mineral content. The first stage (acute undernutrition) might produce gaunt bodies like those of the WW II concentration camps or Keys' Minnesota experiment (right). The second stage (chronic undernutrition) would cause decreased bone mass with related clinical conditions like osteoporosis and its consequences such as kyphosis. The result of severe long-term CR started in adulthood is likely to be a crooked gaunt body, rather than the well proportioned bodies illustrated above.

Learn more about Calorie Restriction

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2008-06-09 

The prospect of Eternal Life

Aubrey de Grey
Aubrey de Grey

For thousands of years, preachers have been promising us eternal life, in heaven or hell, depending on what we believe. Now, Aubrey de Grey, a British biomedical gerontologist, thinks that we can achieve eternal life right here on Earth by rejuvenating the human body. The idea of immortality seems preposterous given that, thus far, no multicellular organisms have been found to live forever.

Aubrey de Grey cannot be easily dismissed. His ideas about Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence (SENS) are based on sound scientific principles and modern discoveries in genetics. De Gray would like to identify all the components that cause human tissue to age and design remedies for each of them to forestall disease and eventually push back death.

Immortal life may be nothing more than a pipe dream, but there are enough serious scientists studying the process of aging that in a few decades there may be significant advances in the science of life extension. The Methuselah Foundation is a non-profit organization that promotes interest in scientific anti-aging research. The foundation awards prizes to researchers who break records in the extension of the lifespan of experimental animals.
Learn more about The Methuselah Foundation

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2008-06-02 

Growing your own vegetables

Lettuce in flower boxes
Growing lettuce in flower boxes

Two years ago, I planted some lettuce in the pots in the penthouse. I harvested it by trimming about half of the leaves, but I left enough for the plant to survive. In the autumn, the lettuce bloomed, and the dandelion-like seeds dispersed themselves in the wind. Last year and this year, I had many lettuce plants that returned from those seeds.

This year, I got an interesting surprise. The flower boxes in my balcony one floor below the penthouse had lettuce seedlings. The weather has been cooler than normal which is too cold for petunias, but perfect for lettuce. I will continue harvesting the lettuce until the petunias get bigger and then I will sacrifice the lettuce plants to dedicate the flower boxes for their decorative purpose.
Take a tour of the penthouse


Comments »

Gypsy Girl said,
2008-06-03 @ 15:33:44

Hi Tony, That goes to show you that you can grow veggies just about anywhere! Great idea.

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2008-06-01 

Are you prepared for your trip?

Travel Tips Don't Forget to Stop your Mail

If the high gasoline prices are not going to keep you from traveling this summer, you should prepare for your trip. If you travel frequently, you probably keep all your travel items together and you are not likely to forget something at home, but when you are an occasional traveler, it is always frustrating to have to buy something that you forgot at home. When you buy on the road something substantial, like a camera, it is almost always inferior in quality than what you left at home. You are not going to spend several hundred dollars on another Canon or Nikon because you need your cash for the trip, so you end up buying a disposable camera with a bad lens.

Avoid oversights, check this handy Travel Checklist and Travel Tips

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2008-05-21 

Wear Comfortable Shoes to have Healthy Feet

Footprint on insole

Most foot problems are caused by ergonomically bad shoe designs. The incidence of bunions (hallux valgus), bunionettes and hammer toe are four to five times more common in women than in men. The stylish and fashionable high-heeled women's shoes with narrow toe boxes cause increased plantar pressure and toe crowding which over time distort the bones of the foot. Although only 9 percent of 30- to 60-year-olds have bunions, approximately 16 percent of people over the age 60 have them.

High-heel shoes, and ill-fitting shoes hamper mobility and increase the risk of falls. Bad insole designs can increase the pressure on the nerves of the foot and make it uncomfortable to walk. Podiatrists perform over 400,000 surgical operations per year to correct foot problems that could have been avoided by wearing comfortable, properly-fitted shoes.

Bad shoe designs are so prevalent that there is a large market for shoe inserts such as gel insoles- that make it more comfortable to walk by distributing the weight of the body over a larger area of the foot.
Learn more about shoe design

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2008-05-11 

Internationalization of web pages

English is the most common language in international trade, but there are many people in the world who do not understand English. Over 313 billion web pages have been published on the World Wide Web, and approximately 70% of them are written in English. Here are some global internet statistics of web content by language:

Language - Percent of web content
English 68.4%
Japanese 5.9%
German 5.8%
Chinese 3.9%
French 3.0%
Spanish 2.4%
Russian 1.9%

It is important to consider that the native language of people using the internet is not always English. About 30% of the web surfers are English speakers, but 15% speak Chinese, and 9% speak Spanish. Here are some statistics of the percent of users who surf the internet.

Language - Percent users - Number of users
English 30.1% 379M
Chinese 14.7% 185M
Spanish 9.0% 113M
Japanese 6.9% 88M
French 5.1% 64M
German 4.9% 62M
Portuguese 4.0% 51M

From these statistics, it is evident that Chinese and Spanish readers are being underserved. Web sites seeking to expand their global audience should consider translating some of their pages to make them accessible to speakers of other languages.

ScientificPsychic.com uses the following national flags to indicate the availability of web pages in other languages:

English- English
Spanish- Spanish
French- French
German- German
Russian- Russian

To see an example of an internationalized web page see:

English Verb Conjugation and Inflectional Morphology

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